Chalazion is an external eye condition which is characterized by a lump in the lower or upper eyelids. The condition is usually treated with antibiotics and sometimes surgical intervention is needed.
Causes and Risk Factors:
Chalazion is caused by a blockage of oil in the meibomian glands. Meibomian Glands are sebaceous glands that produce oil to prevent evaporation of tear film in the eyes.
Risk Factors include the following:
- Dirty Hands
- Seborrheic Dermatitis
- Other viral infection
How is Chalazion Treated?
Treatment at home is usually advised and sometimes if you’re lucky enough they go away on their own.
- Apply warm compress twice a day for 10-15 minutes. It will open up the clogged pores and can help in drainage.
- Avoid using eye cosmetics when you have chalazion.
The Chalazion won’t go away, What now?
If the chalazion is still there, then it is time to visit your ophthalmologist. The ophthalmologist will usually examine you in the slit lamp and check if you’ll need an oral antibiotic, topical antibiotic or worst, a surgical intervention.
Oral Antibiotics is usually prescribed for a week as well as the topical antibiotic wherein you need to apply it directly to the eyelids 2-3x a day for a week. If after a week of treatment and there is no improvement, the ophthalmologist will usually advise you to have it removed by surgery.
Excision of Chalazion—a 15 minute surgical procedure
Removal of the Chalazion through surgery is usually advised when the lump is already hardened. The procedure is done in 15 minutes and is done under local anesthesia. The surgery is sometimes painful but tolerable. After the procedure, the doctor will apply antibiotic ointment and place a sterile eye patch to be removed upon your follow-up consultation on the next day.
How to prevent:
We all know that prevention is always better than cure. So how do we keep ourselves from getting chalazion?
- Observe Proper Hygiene.
- Avoid touching you eyes when your hands are dirty.
- Eat a well-balanced diet.
- Have a check-up with your dermatologist if you’re suffering from Acne and other skin problems.
If you’re having recurrent chalazion, consult your family doctor because there may be underlying causes like tuberculosis and viral infections